Israr Ahmad was a Pakistani Islamic theologian, philosopher, and scholar who was followed particularly in South Asia as well as by South Asian Muslims in the Middle East, Western Europe, and North America. He was a prominent Islamic figure and one of the founding members of the Jamaat-e-Islami, which had a considerable influence in South Asia and Pakistan.
He was a prominent Islamic leader who argued for the need to return to a more traditional interpretation of Islam and his views were often controversial. He also criticized modern democracy and argued for the need to return to centralized authority, as opposed to the more liberal model of Islam.
His views on women were particularly controversial, with many critics calling him a misogynist and accusing him of promoting violence against women in the name of Islam. In 1982, he sparked controversy with his assertion that women should be barred from all professions except medicine and teaching.
In 1981, he was awarded Sitara-e-Imtiaz by the government of Pakistan. He is the author of over 70 books on various aspects of Islam and religion, some of which have been translated into English.
Among his notable achievements was the establishment of the Center for Promotion of Science (CPS) at Aligarh Muslim University, which was dedicated to promoting modern education and science in oriental institutions. He also revived Tahzibul Akhlaq, a journal founded in 1864 by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, to promote knowledge of socio-economic developments in the Muslim world.